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March Energy Seminars

Updated: Mar 16, 2022

Date and Time:

2nd March 2017 (Thursday) 12:30-4:00p.m.


Venue:

Room 1217, Department of Geography, 12/F, and Faculty of Social Sciences, 13/F, Academic and Administration Building, Hong Kong Baptist University (Click here for directions)

 


12:30-2:30 p.m. – Room 1217, 12/F, Department of Geography

Encouraging Innovation for Smart Cities: An analysis of innovation systems and implications for public policy




Dr. Masaru Yarime

Associate Professor (School of Energy and Environment)

School of Energy and Environment, City University of Hong Kong




Abstract

Smart cities are one of the key areas in which innovation will make a significant contribution to implementing system transformation towards sustainability. Smart cites are based on advanced systems of hardware and software for mutual exchanges of energy and information between supply and demand sides. They require effective integration of a variety of science and technological knowledge through collaborating with various stakeholders in academia, industry, and the public sector. Therefore, innovation systems of smart cities exhibit a significant degree of diversity in knowledge, actors, and institutions. We examine the innovation system of smart cities in Japan and its implications for system transformation towards sustainability. Bibliometric analysis of scientific and project documents in Japan reveal that knowledge domains basically concern renewable energy, energy storage, community energy management, and applications for home appliances and electric vehicles. Network analysis of actors suggests a concentrated structure dominated by large actors, particularly government organizations and electric and electronic companies. Policies and regulations influencing the innovation system for system transformation include economic incentives to promote new technologies, liberalization of markets for new entrants, iterated processes of road-mapping on key technologies, localization of demonstration projects reflecting specificities, standard setting for component technologies, and platform creation for stakeholder partnerships including academia, industry, government, and end users.





About Dr. Masaru Yarime

Dr. Masaru Yarime worked at the National Institute of Science and Technology Policy (NISTEP) of the Japanese Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, the Graduate School of Public Policy (GraSPP) at the University of Tokyo. He has appointments as Honorary Reader in the Department of Science, Technology, Engineering and Public Policy (STEaPP) of University College London in the United Kingdom and Visiting Scholar of the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) Research Institute. He was awarded Abe Fellow 2014 by the Social Science Research Council (SSRC) of the United States.

His research interests center around examining public policy, corporate strategy, and institutional design on science, technology, and innovation for energy, environment, and sustainability. For the past years he has been engaged in research, educational, and societal activities from interdisciplinary perspectives, with an aim to understand the complex interfaces among natural sciences, engineering and social sciences and the dynamic interactions between technology and institutions in creat


ing sustainability innovation. He is particularly interested in exploring the structure, functions, and evolution of innovation systems involving various types of knowledge, actors, and institutions in society. He has been involved in numerous projects through cooperation and collaboration with key stakeholders in academia, industry, government, and civil society in industrialized as well as developing countries.

 

How does the Chinese government move the energy regime toward low-carbon development? A critical review of energy-climate policy



Dr. Akihisa Mori

Associate Professor of Global Environmental Economics, Kyoto University

Director and Secretary General, East Asian Association of Environmental and Resource Economics Inc.






Abstract

To achieve the peak-out of greenhouse gas emissions around 2030, Chinese government has attempted to move the energy regime toward a low carbon, low coal dependent pathway. These developments, however, provoke contestations with fossil fuel incumbents. This presentation aims to explore governance structure and institution that have mitigated the contestations in China. It employs the multi-level perspective on system innovation, adding concepts of market competition, power and interpretation.

Conclusions are as follows. First, Chinese government minimized the contestations by shifting interpretation on renewable energy and energy import. Second, greater market competitiveness and profitability of renewables and gas changed the landscape. Third, coal has still dominant power relations over local grids. Further discussion will be made on the impact of the transition on emission trading scheme.





About Dr. Akihisa Mori

Dr. Mori has conducted research on environmental, energy and climate policy, governance, fiscal reform in East and Southeast Asia. He published several edited books, including Environmental Fiscal Mechanism and Reform: East Asia and Europe and Green Growth and Low Carbon Development in East Asia from Routledge.

 

2:30-4:00 p.m. – Room 1312, 13/F, Faculty of Social Sciences


Geographies of clean energy transitions in the European Union




Dr. Gilles Lepesant

Senior Researcher

CNRS (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique/National Center for Scientific Research)





Abstract

The EU (European Union) has set itself targets for reducing its greenhouse gas emissions progressively. One of the instruments to reach this objective is the Renewable Energy Directive from 2009, which sets rules for the EU to achieve a 20% renewables target by 2020. The seminar deals with the conflicts and the institutional innovations that are emerging at the local and regional level in the context of the implementation of this policy. Drawing on empirical evidence collected in Sweden, France and Germany, the seminar aims at highlighting factors that influence the implementation of EU priorities, thus helping to understand political economy factors that both inhibit and accelerate clean energy transitions. The seminar will also discuss the latest proposals put forward by the European Commission in order to ensure that the EU will fulfill the commitments made under the Paris agreement and will meet its objectives for 2030.





About Dr. Gilles Lepesant

Gilles Lepesant is senior researcher at CNRS (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique/National Center for Scientific Research). He is geographer and has published several books and papers on issues related to territorial development and to energy in Europe. Before joining the CNRS, he spent 6 years in Berlin, in Prague (Czech Republic) and in Warsaw (Poland) working on the new spatial patterns triggered by the economic transition and the EU enlargement. His current work on clean energy transitions is focused on the EU policies related to climate change and to renewable energies as well as on the transformation of energy geographies in Member States (mainly Poland, Germany, Sweden and France).

 

Photos from March Energy Seminars




 

Transport Guide


 

Contact/Enquiries E: victorlam@hkbu.edu.hk T: 3411 7187.

 

Organiser


Asian Energy Studies Centre @Hong Kong Baptist University

 

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